Ramesh, 18 year old is overwhelmed by his result and has scored 85% and his Friend, Suresh has scored 84%, both hope for admission in a good college. Both join same college and subject, Fee paid by Ramesh is Rs.15,000 and by Suresh is Rs.60,000. One question arises in my mind why this difference in Fees?
Because Ramesh is from a “Reserved Category” and as per government rules a student always pays less fee when compared to “General Category”. Now let us take few scenarios and judge whether Caste based Reservation policy is good or not. Before we do that lets look at Reservation and its needs.
Reservation was introduced in Independent India for the purpose of improving the standard of living of Backward classes (Schedule Castes & Tribes – SC & ST) by reserving a certain mandatory portion in educational institutions and government jobs. This was necessary keeping in mind these classes were abused on the basis of their caste and race for thousand’s of years and upliftment was necessary. This was a temporary measure only for a period of 20 years.
I have a simple question in my mind: Were Indian Government’s successful in Implementing the original Reservation Idea, its a Big NO. Why, why, why, such a good policy was not successful. Answer is simple, this was brought in only for the purpose of Caste Politics and without any intention to implement.
As per original policy Reservation should have ended by 1971. An amendment in Constitution ensured this would continue without any deadline. As years passed by, reserved caste’s increased and numerous categories were added. Now reservation categories are based on Caste [SC, ST, Other Backward Classes (OBC)], Minorities (Muslims, Christians, etc), Women, demography,etc. Each year a new community agitates to include them into the reserved categories.and this will not end, as each time one or the other would like to get few benefits.
Lets look into the scenario we discussed earlier and justify the reservation:
Average Annual family Income(AFI) of all Students family is Rs.500,000.
1. AFI of Ramesh is Rs.800,000 and Suresh is Rs.1000,000.
2. AFI of Ramesh is Rs.800,000 and Suresh is Rs200,000.
3. AFI of Ramesh is Rs100,000 and Suresh is Rs.1000,000.
4. AFI of both Ramesh & Suresh is Rs.200,000
If we look into above scenario, its clear that Ramesh would be eligible for this reservation only in 3rd and 4th scenarios. But what is the mistake of Suresh in scenario’s 2nd and 4th he is financially weaker or equal to Ramesh and still he has to pay more fee.
Does Suresh not have right to study, is caste the main basis of livelihood. Is he more in need of reservation benefit than Ramesh.
Hence caste based reservation system is not the way forward, but reservation is necessary only in certain aspects if a person is Poor, Orphan, Differently able (Physically Challenged) and situation based.
I know, we have caste reservation supporters who would argue on the lines of ,
1. If 60 years of reservation could be so difficult to withstand and could make life miserable for the so-called forward classes, imagine what 1000 years of subversion with absolutely no choice and absolutely no voice, would have done to a human race.
Well, well, my answer to them would be simple change the living standards and attitude of current and future generation. Stop thinking of people who are already dead and gone.
2. Reservations are legal and binding. As shown by Gujjar agitations (Rajasthan, 2007–2008), increasing reservations is also essential for peacekeeping in India. (Gujjar is a community)
In 2007-2008, it was Gujjar’s who agitated, tomorrow someone else will rise. Do we create a separate category for them and keep on adding.
Hence, Caste based reservation is not the solution. Why do we need such kind of policy, when we call India as a Secular Nation and still we bias citizens based on caste. What a shame, India should be re-branded from a Secular Nation to Reservation Nation. Doesn’t it look like Caste and Religion based Reservation Systems are equivalent to Racism.
We should create a true Secular and Equal to All policy in basic needs (education, living, health care, etc). We have to create a system to enable the weaker sections (could be economical, physical, mental, supportive, etc) and make them competitive.
A great nation could be created only when we are Truly Secular Nation.